Did Jewish women experience the Holocaust differently than Jewish men?

Jewish women at forced labor in Plaszow (1943-1944). Photo credit: US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Leopold Page Photographic Collection

The perpetrators of the Holocaust treated Jewish women and children every bit as brutally as Jewish men. However, Jewish women were subjected to additional degradation and oppression, including sexual violence and rape.

In the Nazi death and concentration camps, women were forced to parade naked in front of SS personnel and guards who humiliated and tortured them verbally and physically. Jewish women camp inmates, as well as Roma women, were also subjected to gynecological medical experiments that left many of those who survived permanently disabled.

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