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On May 10, 1933, university students burn upwards of 25,000 “un-German” books in Berlin’s Opera Square. Some 40,000 people gather to hear Joseph Goebbels deliver a fiery address: “No to decadence and moral corruption!”
SS authorities open the Buchenwald concentration camp for male prisoners in east-central Germany. Together with its many satellite camps, Buchenwald was one of the largest concentration camps established within German borders. Women were not part of the Buchenwald camp system until late 1943 or early 1944. An electrified barbed-wire fence,..Read More
Kristallnacht, literally, “Night of Crystal,” is often referred to as the “Night of Broken Glass.” The name refers to the wave of violent anti-Jewish pogroms which took place on November 9 and 10, 1938. This wave of violence took place throughout Germany, annexed Austria, and in areas of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia..Read More
The 42nd and 45th Infantry Divisions and the 20th Armored Division of the US Army liberate approximately 32,000 prisoners at Dachau. n April 26, 1945, as American forces approached, there were 67,665 registered prisoners in Dachau and its subcamps; more than half of this number were in the main camp...Read More
In the face of the advancing Allied troops, in April 1945 the SS began to destroy the traces of its crimes. It had the installations for mass killing dismantled, ordered incriminating documents to be burned and murdered concentration camp prisoners who, due to having witnessed systematic mass murder first hand,..Read More
A violent massacre of Jews in the southeastern Polish town of Kielce takes place. The mass violence of the Kielce pogrom drew on an entrenched local history of antisemitism—especially false allegations accusing Jews of using the blood of Christian children for ritual purposes (a charge known as a “blood libel”)—with..Read More
“Auschwitz was hell. It was a place where you never knew if you were going to be alive the next minute. A place where children could not live… they were condemned to die, as well as their mothers.”
Moshe Ha-Elion, Holocaust Survivor
“There were three gas vans. The exhaust gas from the engine entered the van from a gridiron on the floor. Each van held 80 people. There was a larger van which held 100 people."
Shimon Srebrnik, Holocaust Survivor
"It was freezing cold. My mother contracted pneumonia. I lay one one side of her, my brother on the other. When we woke in the morning. My father said: "mother has died."
Elka Reines-Abramovitz, Holocaust Survivor
"I presume he (my father) died. I have been to all the museums and I can’t find a trace of him. He might have died in the Warsaw ghetto or Treblinka.Finding ways to die was not difficult for a Jew"
Zigi Shipper, Holocaust Survivor